Periodontal surgery is the second phase of a structured treatment of periodontal disease. Successful completion of non-surgical treatment is a pre-requisite in most cases as is the patient demonstarting a good level of oral hygiene.
The purpose is to correct major defects which either can not be corrected by non-surgical treatment alone. Many of these proceduress focuson regenerating the lost tissues.
In the surgical phase we can access areas that can not be adequately debribed with a “closed” conservative technique, such as deep pockets or areas with complex anatomy such as the roots of molars. In this way we can reduce or even completely eliminate pockets. We can also correct morphology / anatomy of the underlying bone, creating a more physiological and consistent with the oral hygiene morphology.
Surgical treatment is always performed under local anesthesia and has no risks for the patient. The discomfort, if any, is easily controlled by taking a light painkiller. Usually antibiotic coverage is not required, unless dictated by specific circumstances of systemic conditions. The patient can immediately after surgery resume normal activities. The sutures are removed in 7-14 days without any discomfort at all.